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Nothospondias staudtii Engl.

Protologue
Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 217 (1905).
Family
Simaroubaceae
Origin and geographic distribution
Nothospondias staudtii is distributed from Côte d’Ivoire eastward to DR Congo.
Uses
The wood of Nothospondias staudtii is considered suitable for carpentry, but it seems little used.
Properties
The wood is yellow, fairly hard and fibrous. It is easy to work.
Leaf extracts have shown in-vivo analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities in mice and rats.
Botany
Dioecious small to medium-sized tree up to 25 m tall; bole branchless for up to 10 m, cylindrical, straight, up to 50 cm in diameter; outer bark smooth, bright grey with white and green spots; branches erect. Leaves arranged spirally, clustered at ends of branches, imparipinnately compound with 9–21 pairs of leaflets; stipules absent; petiole and rachis 50–120 cm long; petiolules 5–11 mm long; leaflets opposite to alternate, obliquely oblong-elliptical, 10–21 cm × 4–10 cm, base asymmetrical, apex acuminate, papery, glabrous, pinnately veined with c. 10 pairs of lateral veins. Inflorescence a lax terminal panicle up to 70 cm long and 80 cm wide at base, with shortly hairy axes; bracts ovate, 1–1.5 mm × 1 mm. Flowers unisexual, regular, 4-merous; pedicel 2–5 mm long, jointed at base; calyx campanulate, c. 1.5 mm long, with short, ovate lobes; petals oblong-obovate, 4–6 mm × 1.5–2 mm, yellow; stamens in 2 rows of 4, 4–7 mm long; ovary superior, consisting of 4 free carpels, 1(–2) developing into fruit. Fruit an ovoid-ellipsoid drupe 2–2.5 cm × 1.5–2 cm, yellow-orange at maturity, 1-seeded. Seeds oblong-ellipsoid, 1.5–2 cm × c. 1 cm, testa papery, brown.
Nothospondias comprises only 1 species.
Ecology
Nothospondias staudtii occurs in the understorey of forest, often along watercourses.
Genetic resources and breeding
Nothospondias staudtii is relatively widespread but rare in some countries, e.g. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. It is classified as vulnerable in the IUCN Red list of threatened species.
Prospects
At present Nothospondias staudtii seems to be not much used as a source of timber, and in view of its vulnerability and its often small size this will not change.
Major references
• Aubréville, A., 1962. Simaroubacées. Flore du Gabon. Volume 3. Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. pp. 33–52.
• Burkill, H.M., 2000. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. 2nd Edition. Volume 5, Families S–Z, Addenda. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. 686 pp.
• van der Veken, P., 1960. Nothospondias Engl., Simaroubacée africaine méconnue. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l’Etat (Bruxelles) 30: 105–109.
Other references
• Hawthorne, W.D., 1995. Ecological profiles of Ghanaian forest trees. Tropical Forestry Papers 29. Oxford Forestry Institute, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. 345 pp.
• Hawthorne, W., 1998. Nothospondias staudtii. In: IUCN. 2006 Red list of threatened species. [Internet] http://www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed June 2006.
• Keay, R.W.J., 1958. Anacardiaceae. In: Keay, R.W.J. (Editor). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Volume 1, part 2. 2nd Edition. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London, United Kingdom. pp. 726–739.
• Owoyele, B.V., Olaleye, S.B., Oke, J.M. & Elegbe, R.A., 2004. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of Nothospondias staudtii. Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences 19(1–2): 102–105.
Author(s)
M. Brink
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands


Editors
D. Louppe
CIRAD, Département Environnements et Sociétés, Cirad es-dir, Campus international de Baillarguet, TA C-DIR / B (Bât. C, Bur. 113), 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
A.A. Oteng-Amoako
Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), University P.O. Box 63, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana
M. Brink
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands
General editors
R.H.M.J. Lemmens
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands
L.P.A. Oyen
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands
J.R. Cobbinah
Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), University P.O. Box 63, KNUST, Kumasi, Ghana

Correct citation of this article:
Brink, M., 2007. Nothospondias staudtii Engl. In: Louppe, D., Oteng-Amoako, A.A. & Brink, M. (Editors). Prota 7(1): Timbers/Bois d’œuvre 1. [CD-Rom]. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands.