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Record display


Tiliacora louisii Troupin

Protologue
Bull. Jard. Bot. Etat 19: 412 (1949).
Family
Menispermaceae
Synonyms
Tiliacora polygyna Diels ex Mildbr. (1937).
Origin and geographic distribution
Tiliacora louisii is recorded from Guinea and Sierra Leone eastward to Togo, and in DR Congo.
Uses
In Sierra Leone the stems are used for tying house posts.
Production and international trade
Tiliacora louisii is of local importance only.
Botany
Woody liana with twining stem of several meters long and up to 1.5 cm in diameter, slightly grooved. Leaves alternate, simple; petiole thin, c. 1 cm long, glabrous; blade oblong-lanceolate, 6–13 cm × 2–5.5 cm, base rounded or acute, apex with acumen up to 2 cm long, glabrous, somewhat leathery, secondary veins in 6–8 pairs at nearly right angles to the midrib. Male inflorescence a false raceme of 1-flowered cymules 4–7 cm long, on leafless branches, bracteole 2–3 mm long, cymules on a peduncle 2–4 mm long; female inflorescence unknown. Flowers unisexual; male flower petiolate, sepals 9, 3 outer ones triangular, 1 mm long, thickened in the middle, 3 middle ones ovate, c. 1.5 mm long, 3 inner ones oblong-elliptical, boat-shaped, 8–10 mm × 4–5 mm, green with violet, petals 6, oblong, 1.5 mm × 1 mm, apex rounded, stamens 6, filaments 6–8 mm long, slightly connate at base, anthers c 1.5 mm long; female flower unknown. Fruit an obovoid drupe c. 15 mm × 5–7 mm, smooth, orange-red when mature; pulp fleshy, 3 mm thick; endocarp thin. Seeds 8–10 mm long.
Tiliacora comprises about 20 species of which 3 occur in tropical Asia and 17 in Africa; it is in need of a taxonomic revision.
Ecology
Tiliacora louisii occurs in lowland forest, often in swampy conditions.
Management
Stems of Tiliacora louisii are only collected from the wild.
Genetic resources and breeding
Information on Tiliacora louisii is inadequate to assess its genetic vulnerability.
Prospects
Tiliacora louisii is likely to remain of occasional local use only.
Major references
• Burkill, H.M., 1997. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. 2nd Edition. Volume 4, Families M–R. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, United Kingdom. 969 pp.
• Keay, R.W.J. & Troupin, G., 1954. Menispermaceae. In: Keay, R.W.J. (Editor). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Volume 1, part 1. 2nd Edition. Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations, London, United Kingdom. pp. 66–77.
• Troupin, G., 1951. Menispermaceae. In: Robyns, W., Staner, P., Demaret, F., Germain, R., Gilbert, G., Hauman, L., Homès, M., Jurion, F., Lebrun, J., Vanden Abeele, M. & Boutique, R. (Editors). Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. Spermatophytes. Volume 2. Institut National pour l’Étude Agronomique du Congo belge, Brussels, Belgium. pp. 202–255.
Other references
• Jacques, F.M.B., 2009. Survey of the Menispermaceae endocarps. Adansonia, sér. 3, 31(1): 47–87.
• Troupin, G., 1949. Contribution a l’étude des Menispermacées africaines. I. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l’Etat (Bruxelles) 19(4): 409–435.
Author(s)
L.P.A. Oyen
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands


Editors
M. Brink
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands
E.G. Achigan Dako
PROTA Network Office Africa, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), P.O. Box 30677-00100, Nairobi, Kenya

Correct citation of this article:
Oyen, L.P.A., 2010. Tiliacora louisii Troupin. In: Brink, M. & Achigan-Dako, E.G. (Editors). Prota 16: Fibres/Plantes à fibres. [CD-Rom]. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Distribution Map wild